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Welcome to Parāśara Jyotiṣa Course Year-2B. You will find the lessons in chronological order and can follow them to complete the course.

  • Niṣeka and Ādhana - निषेक (niṣeka) and आधान (ādhāna) are separate events leading to pregnancy. Go to the Niṣeka Section and complete all the lessons. Then return to Prārambha for the next topic … Niṣeka Section Lesson-01: Mandi Calculation »
  • Lesson-01: Māndi - Māndi Determination Divide the day duration [sunrise to sunset] into 8 parts [8 petal lotus]. Each part is called velā. These eight parts of time are ruled by the children (Upagraha) of the Sūrya, Chandra, Maṅgala, Budha, Guru, Śukra, Śani and Śūnya. These eight Upagraha are काल kāla, परिधि paridhi, मृत्यु (mṛtyu), अधर्प्रहर (ardha-prahara), यमघण्टक […]
  • Lesson-02: Niṣeka Calculation - There are three parts to the calculation of Niṣeka Lagna that leads to the creation of the being, just as there are three parts to ‘auṁ’. These are Brahma ‘A’, Viṣṇu ‘U’ and Rudra ‘M’. Viṣṇu U Janma Lagna related to Niṣeka अथातः सम्प्रवक्ष्यामि शृणुष्व मुनिपुंगव। जन्मलग्नं च संशोध्य निषेकं परिशोधयेत्‌॥ २५॥ athātaḥ sampravakṣyāmi śṛṇuṣva […]
  • Lesson-03: Niṣeka Lagna - From the previous lesson, please note that by now we have two niṣeka dates/times and we can draw charts for these dates. Pregnancy Period Test Both the niṣeka periods are (a) 298 days 8h01m46s and (b) 278 days 1h02m35s. The full term of the niṣeka period is 273 days and all the niṣeka times obtained […]
  • Lesson04: Niṣeka Study - शुभाशुभं वदेत्‌ पित्रोर्जीवनं मरणं तथा। एवं निषेकलग्नेन सम्यग्‌ ज्ञेयं स्वकल्पनात्‌॥ ३०॥ śubhāśubhaṁ vadet pitrorjīvanaṁ maraṇaṁ tathā | evaṁ niṣekalagnena samyag jñeyaṁ svakalpanāt || 30|| Maharṣi Parāśara states that all the good and evil related to the lives of elders, particularly father and mother and also grandparents or great grandparents is known from this niṣeka chart. […]
  • Lesson-05: Ādhāna Chakra - तस्माच्छुभाशुभं वाच्यं गर्भस्थस्य विशेषतः॥ २९॥ tasmācchubhāśubhaṁ vācyaṁ garbhasthasya viśeṣataḥ || 29½ The good or evil that is to follow such a copulation (niṣeka) i.e. the nature and guṇa of the baby is to be known from the niṣeka chart. Of particular importance is the conception itself, that must follow the niṣeka. All niṣeka (copulation) does […]
  • Lesson-06: Ādhāna Chakra II - Ādhāna Strength {tab=Carriage} Our next step (see previous lesson) is to confirm that the ādhāna chart shows a birth/delivery within the stipulated period. Sārāvalī 8.32-33: Miscarriage – Should a planet be affected by celestial portents, or defeat by malefic at the time of ādhāna, miscarriage may take place in the month ruled by the planet […]
  • Lesson-07: Ādhāna Lagna - {tab=Exact Ādhana} Exact Ādhana Lagna We are now in a position to calculate the exact time of the Ādhāna and should forsake the approximate methods obtained previously. While those methods based on niṣeka period in days and solar motion help us to arrive at the date, it is necessary for the sake of studying the […]
  • Lesson-08: Course of Pregnancy - Pregnancy Months Sārāvalī 8.29-31: Process of Growth of Embryo and Lords of the months of pregnancy. The embryo in the womb improves, as under – Month Growth Lord Bhāva 1 Coagulated Blood Venus Lagna 2 Mass of Flesh Mars Dhana 3 Limbs Jupiter Sahaja 4 Bones Sun Sukha 5 Skin Moon Mantra 6 Hair Saturn […]
  • Varṇadā Introduction - The word varṇa is derived from vṛ meaning to cover, screen, conceal, surround or obstruct and refers to all that people attach to themselves due to family, profession or club. It includes colors, symbols, implements and everything that shapes the outward appearance, figure, shape. It can refer to a class of men, tribe, order or […]
  • Lesson-01: Varṇadā Lagna - Varṇadā Calculation ओजलग्नप्रसूतानां मेषादेर्गणयेत्‌ क्रमात्‌। समलग्नप्रसूतानाम् मीनादेरपसव्यतः॥ ११॥ ojalagnaprasūtānāṁ meṣādergaṇayet kramāt | samalagnaprasūtānām mīnāderapasavyataḥ || 11|| If birth is in an odd sign, then the count is zodiacal from Meṣa to Lagna; If birth is in an even sign then count is anti-zodiacal from Mīna to Lagna. The count from Aries to the Lagna, in […]
  • Lesson-02: Varṇadā Chakra - Just as we calculated the varṇadā lagna considering (a) lagna and (b) horā lagna, so also we can calculate the dhana varṇadā (V2) by considering the 2nd house from lagna and 2nd house from horā lagna. As an illustration we shall calculate all the varṇadā of the standard nativity. Nāma Varṇadā Lagna Count Horā Count […]
  • Lesson-03: Varga Varṇadā - We are now in that stage where we can calculate the varṇadā of all the varga charts. For this we must bear in mind the following: Varṇadā is computed from the Lagna and Horā Lagna For any D-Chart we need the positions of Lagna and Horā Lagna to calculate the Varṇadā Lagna Just as we […]
  • Ārūḍha Definitions - What is Ārūḍha? Ārūḍha in its most simple definition means mounted, ascended or bestridden (as a horse). It is the sign, the animal represented by the sign, which is mounted. For example if the ārūḍha is Sagittarius then the image is like ‘a person riding a horse’ whereas if it is Leo, it is of […]
  • Bhāva Pada - कथ्याम्यथा भावानां खेटानां च पदं द्विज। तद्विशेषफलं ज्ञातुं यथोक्तं प्राणः महर्षिभिः॥ १॥ kathyāmyathā bhāvānāṁ kheṭānāṁ ca padaṁ dvija | tadviśeṣaphalaṁ jñātuṁ yathoktaṁ prāṇaḥ maharṣibhiḥ || 1|| In the chapter titled ‘padādhyāyaḥ’ Maharṣi Parāśara has explicitly stated that he shall teach the ‘bhāva and graha pada’ i.e. the bhāva and graha ārūḍha. Maharṣi Parāśara has not […]
  • Bhāva Pada Chakra - Popularly called the Ārūḍha Chakra, this is a chart drawn with the Lagna and planets and showing the ārūḍha pada of the bhāva in the signs. The nomenclature for any bhāva ārūḍha is normally ‘A’ followed by the number of the bhāva except for Lagna and twelfth house which are designated as AL for Ārūḍha […]
  • Graha Pada - The ārūḍha pada of a planet is called graha pada. It is exactly like the reflection of an object which, in this case, is the planet itself. Every planet has an image or a place where its reflection falls. This reflection is about the sign it owns like svakṣetra (own sign) or mūlatrikoṇa (office, work). […]
  • Argala Stotra - Dhyāna Instructions: There are two meditations given in this Argala Stotra by Maharṣi Mārkaṇḍeya. You can choose either of them which is to be recited once. Śrīcaṇḍikā Dhyānam ॐ बन्धूककुसुमाभासां पञ्चमुण्डाधिवासिनीम्‌। स्फुरच्चन्द्रकलारत्नमुकुटां मुण्डमालिनीम्‌ ॥ त्रिनेत्रां रक्तवसनां पीनोन्नतघटस्तनीम्‌। पुस्तकं चाक्षमालां च वरं चाभयकं क्रमात्‌ ॥ दधतीं संस्मरेन्नित्यमुत्तराम्नायमानिताम्‌। om bandhūkakusumābhāsāṁ pañcamuṇḍādhivāsinīm | sphuraccandrakalāratnamukuṭāṁ muṇḍamālinīm  || trinetrāṁ raktavasanāṁ […]
  • Understand Argala - अर्गल (argala) means a wooden bolt or pin for fastening a door or the cover of a vessel like the lid of a box. The purpose of argala is to act as a safety measure to check access or conceal and protect. It is also acts as an impediment to access just like ocean waves […]
  • Antara Argala - Technical Terminology Body The concept of argala is applicable to any astrological body including planets, houses (bhāva), ārūḍha, special ascendants (viśeṣa lagna) including varga (divisional charts). The word ‘body’ has been used in this very broad manner in this document to enunciate the principle of argala. Argala Argala refers to the intervention of planets, signs […]
  • Antara-Bāhya - Definition Antara bhāva are the interior houses comprising the half from the tenth to the fourth house reckoned zodiacally and excluding the lagna. This includes the six houses – 10th, 11th, 12th, 2nd, 3rd and 4th. Essentially, three dṛṣya bhāva – 10th, 11th and 12th houses and three adṛṣya bhāva – 2nd, 3rd and 4th […]
  • Bāhya Argala - Bāhya Bhāva Bāhya means exterior or external implying something that is going away, particularly in relationships. Exterior Planet Retrograde Consider the retrogression of the exterior planets. When they are in the 9th house from the Sun, these planets begin to retrograde. The retrogradation speed gradually increases until the time when they are directly opposite the […]
  • Viparīta Argala - Jyotiṣa Terminology विपरीत viparīta Turned round, reversed, inverted and being the reverse of anything. It shows something that is acting in a contrary manner or opposite to its nature; giving contrary results like going asunder or in different and peculiar directions. Traditional people consider this perverse and wrong as it is contrary to the rule. […]
  • Ṣaḍbala Introduction - Ṣaḍbala Defined Derived from ṣaḍ (six) and bala (strength), ṣaḍbala refers to the six sources of visible or true strength of a planet. These are different from the other sources of strength of the planet which are changeable and therefore considered untrue. Maharṣi Parāśara uses the word spaṣṭa bala for this which means something clearly […]
  • Sthāna Bala - The word sthāna generally means place and position and sthāna bala includes various details about the native. Position Position or posture of the body; the kendra have four postures of standing, sleeping, sitting and walking; yet this can be more detailed Dignity Rank and office which is by appointment or otherwise. It is the dignity […]
  • Uccha Bala - अथ स्पष्टबलं वक्ष्ये स्थानकालादिसम्भवम्‌। नीचोनां खचरं भार्धाधिक चक्राद्‌ विशोधयेत्‌॥ १॥ atha spaṣṭabalaṁ vakṣye sthānakālādisambhavam | nīconāṁ khacaraṁ bhārdhādhika cakrād viśodhayet || 1 भागीकृत्य त्रिभिर्भक्तं लब्धमुच्चबलं भवेत्‌। bhāgīkṛtya tribhirbhaktaṁ labdhamuccabalaṁ bhavet | 2½ The calculation is extremely simple. Consider two factors (a) Longitude of Planet, say ‘P’ and (b) Debilitation Degree of Planet, say ‘D’. If […]
  • Saptavargīya Bala - स्वत्रिकोणस्वगेहाधिमित्रमित्रसमारिषु॥ २॥ svatrikoṇasvagehādhimitramitrasamāriṣu || 2½ अधिशत्रुगृहे चापि स्थितानां क्रमशो बलम्‌। भूताब्धयः खाग्निनखास्तिथ्यो दश युगाः कराः॥ ३॥ adhiśatrugṛhe cāpi sthitānāṁ kramaśo balam | bhūtābdhayaḥ khāgninakhāstithyo daśa yugāḥ karāḥ || 3||एवं होरादृकाणाद्रिभागांकद्वादशांशजम्‌। त्रिंशांशजं तदैक्यञ्च सप्तवर्गसमुद्‌भवम्‌॥ ४॥ evaṁ horādṛkāṇādribhāgāṁkadvādaśāṁśajam | triṁśāṁśajaṁ tadaikyañca saptavargasamudbhavam || 4| Sapta means seven and varga refers to the divisional charts. In the sapta-varga […]
  • Oja-yugma-rāśi-aṁśa bala - शुक्रेन्दू समभांशेऽन्ये विषमेऽञ्घ्रिमितं बलम्‌। śukrendū samabhāṁśe’nye viṣame’ñghrimitaṁ balam |5 ½ Translation: Venus and Moon in even signs and the other [planets] in odd signs get one-foot strength. The word अञ्घ्रि (añghri) means a foot. In jyotiṣa, all measures are always expressed as having four feet, like nakṣatra have four pada. Therefore, a foot normally means […]
  • Kendrādi Bala - केन्द्रादिषुस्थिताः खेटाः पूर्णाऽर्धाऽङ्‌घ्रिमितं क्रमात्‌॥ ५॥ kendrādiṣusthitāḥ kheṭāḥ pūrṇā’rdhā’ṅghrimitaṁ kramāt || 5|| Translation: Planets in Kendra, Paṇapara and Apoklimas obtain full, half and quarter strength respectively. Previously in PJC-Year2 we had learnt the importance of the Kendra, which is the grand cross where the lotus of life blooms guarded by the lokapāla devatā. The lokapāla are […]
  • Drekkāṇa Bala - आद्यमध्यावसानेषु द्रेष्काणेषु स्थिताः क्रमात्‌। पुंनपुंसकयोषाख्या दद्युरङ्‌घ्रिमितं बलम्‌॥ ६॥ ādyamadhyāvasāneṣu dreṣkāṇeṣu sthitāḥ kramāt | puṁnapuṁsakayoṣākhyā dadyuraṅghrimitaṁ balam || 6 Translation: Drekkāṇa bala is based on the placement of planets in the initial (ādya), middle (madhya) or last (avasāna). पुं (puṁ) Male planets [Sun, Mars, Jupiter, Rāhu] in the initial (0°-10°) drekkāṇa नपुंसक (napuṁsaka) Eunuch planets [Mercury, […]
  • Sthāna Bala Overview - The sum of the five parts viz. uccha bala, saptavargīya bala, oja-yugma-rāśi-aṁśa bala, kendrādi bala and drekkāṇa bala gives the sthāna bala. In this example we have computed the sthāna bala for the seven weekday planets which is normally done by vedic astrologers. Planet Sthāna Bala Uccha Saptavargīya Oja-Yugma Kendra Drekkāṇa Sun 106.93 1.78 26.30 […]
  • Digbala - Digbala is composed of दिग् (dig) and बल (bala) simply meaning directional strength. However the word दिग् (dig) is a compounded form of दिश् (diś) which has various meanings and connotations. To understand digbala we need to know the meanings of दिश् (diś) – Quarter or region pointed at, a direction Cardinal point (four in […]
  • Kāla Bala - There are umpteen meanings of the word काल (kāla), a proper understanding of which is very necessary for all vedic astrologers. In the context of kāla bala, we use the meaning as ‘a measure of time’. When we think of the passage of time, it manifests as changing seasons, and we know of the six […]
  • Natonnata Bala - The compound word natonnata (नतोन्नत) is composed of two words (a) नत nata and its anonym (b) उन्नत unnata. Some translations and books have mistakenly spelt this word ‘nata’ as ‘natha’. Be sure that there is no such Sanskrit word as नथ (natha) and the one with the longer ‘ā’ as नाथ (nātha) has a […]
  • Pakṣa Bala - Pakṣa refers to the waxing and waning phases of the Moon which is divided into the śukla pakṣa (waxing phase) and kṛṣṇa pakṣa (waning phase). The maximum angular displacement of the Moon from the Sun is 180° which is the moment of pūrṇānta (end of pūrṇimā, full moon). Just as Mercury gets a special position […]
  • Tribhāga Bala - दिनत्र्यंशेषु सौम्यार्कशनीनां निट्‌त्रिभागके। चन्द्रशुक्रकुजानां च बलं पूर्णं सदा गुरोः॥ १२॥ dinatryaṁśeṣu saumyārkaśanīnāṁ niṭtribhāgake | candraśukrakujānāṁ ca balaṁ pūrṇaṁ sadā guroḥ || 12| Translation: The three-parts of the day-time are lorded by Mercury, Sun and Saturn in that order while the three-parts of the night have Moon, Venus and Mars as their lords. Besides the lord […]
  • Varṣeśādi Bala - वर्षमासदिनेशानां तिथ्यस्त्रिंशच्छरार्णवां। होरेशस्य बलं षष्टिरुक्तं नैसर्गिकं पुरा॥ १३॥ varṣamāsadineśānāṁ tithyastriṁśaccharārṇavāṁ | horeśasya balaṁ ṣaṣṭiruktaṁ naisargikaṁ purā || 13|| Translation: Parāśara says that the lords of the varṣa (year), māsa (month), dina (weekday) and horā (hour) have Varṣeśādi bala increasing by 15 virūpa. Explanation The four planets that attain the position of lords of varṣa (year), […]
  • Yuddha Bala - Meaning of Yuddha The word युद्ध (yuddha) as is generally understood, means to fight, battle, encounter, conquer and subdue. It implies the power to oppose and is symbolised in the sky by a conflict of the planets. The word योध (yodha) refers to a fighter, warrior, soldier or even a bull trained or fit for […]
  • Ayana Bala - Introduction Very often we find new vedic astrologers remarking that jyotiṣa only uses the sidereal zodiac whereas western astrology uses the tropical zodiac. This is very far from truth as in this calculation we see the use of the tropical zodiac in vedic astrology, especially to calculate one of the important strengths called अयनबल (ayana […]
  • Himalaya 2014 Part-A - The Himalaya Classes for PJC-2B were held in the fall of 2014 and in-spite of the cold, we did manage to complete most of the Syllabus. The only significant part left was Iṣṭa-Kaṣṭa Raśmi. Below is the time-table and the links to the slides for the classes. These have been arranged in a particular manner […]
  • Himalaya 2014 Part-B - The Himalaya Classes for PJC-2B were held in the fall of 2014 and in-spite of the cold, we did manage to complete most of the Syllabus. The only significant part left was Iṣṭa-Kaṣṭa Raśmi. Below is the time-table and the links to the slides for the classes. These have been arranged in a particular manner […]
  • Himalaya 2014 Part-C - The Himalaya Classes for PJC-2B were held in the fall of 2014 and in-spite of the cold, we did manage to complete most of the Syllabus. The only significant part left was Iṣṭa-Kaṣṭa Raśmi. Below is the time-table and the links to the slides for the classes. These have been arranged in a particular manner […]

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